Parts Used :
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The plant is an undershrub, branched, softly hairy and with stellate hairs,
nearly in all the parts of the plant. Levels are 2.5-5 cm long cordate,
ovate - oblong, crenate, obtuse or subacute and not acuminate and the
petioles are 1.2-3.8 cm long. Pedicles are solitary and few together, short
some up to 1.2-2 cm long bearing yellow flowers. Calyx is 6-8 mm long with
ovate and acute lobes. Corolla exceed the calyx slightly. Fruit is 6-8 mm in
diameter : strongly reticulated with two spiny projections on the top.
Chemical Constituents :
Sida Contains an alkaloid fatty oil phytoserol mucin resin , resin acids
and potassium nitrate. The leaves, stem and root yield 0.085 per cent, and
the seeds about 0.3 per cent alkaloid. The main portion of the alkaloid is
ephedrine. Mehra P.N has reported 0.4 per cent rutin in the plant.
The plant its reputed for its tonic and aphrodisiac properties. The plant
parts are used for the fever, fits leucrrhonea, micturation, gonorrhea,
colic, nervous discords, general for the debility and heart irregularity.
The root juice is used for the healing of the wound and the juice of the
whole plant is given for spermatorrhoea. The bark of the plant is effective
in curing facial paralysis and sciatica and the leaves are used for curing
the bloody flux. Useful in opthalamia, reheumatism; shivering fits and
improves sexual strength.
Indian scientists in 1930 reported the presence of a sympathomimetic
alkaloid in this herb whose pharmacological action closely resembled that of
ephedrine and they thought that the alkaloid was undoubtedly ephedrine.
Later work has shown that the sympathomimetic alkaloid had showed all the
chemical and physical characteristics of ephedrine. This explains the
widespread use of this herb in Ayurveda as a cardiac stimulant. The seeds
are considered to be aphrodisiac. Scientists have also reported that the
pharmacological action of this herb caused marked and persistent rise of
blood pressure in anaesthetised or decerebrated animals.
Also known as Country Mallow, this herb contains ephedrine, and is
therefore used as a cardiac stimulant, diuretic, decongestant,
anti-asthmatic, anti-depressant, and more. It is used traditionally in
Ayurveda for a wide range of conditions, such as bleeding piles, facial
paralysis, colic, tenesmus, heart disease, sexual debility, convalescence,
sciatica, tinnitus, headache, chronic dyssentry, hematuria, cystitis,
leucorrhea, elephantiasis, wounds, weakness, emaciation, hemiplegia,
neuralgia, gonorrhea, insanity, frequent micturation, stiff neck, and