Native to India, Neem is widely planted and naturalized in semiarid areas
throughout Asia and Africa. Neem is an evergreen of the tropics and
Description of Neem :
Neem is a medium sized to large tree characterized by its short straight
trunk, furrowed dark brown to gray bark and dense rounded crowns of pinnate
leaves. Neem is nature's answer for protection against the degenerative
effects of a modern polluted environment. The Neem tree has been known as
the wonder tree for centuries in the Indian subcontinent. It has become
important in the global context today because it offers answers to the major
concerns facing mankind.
Rich, Earthy and Green musty smell.
: Neem oil has various chemical
compounds that include Margosic Acid, Nimbin,Nimbidin, Nimbinin, Kaempeerol,
Azadirone, Quercursertin, B - Sitosterol, Praisine,Vanilic Acid, Nimbicetin
: It is obtained by solvent extraction of seed,
fruit or kernel
It may inhibit the development of viruses and prevent them from entering
and infecting cells. Neem appears to be an appropriate herbal remedy for
numerous skin disorders. It is rich in fatty acids and glycerides and
together with its healing properties provides an excellent natural
moisturizing base for skin care formulations. It is a very lubricating and
penetrating oil and is considered a supremely "healing" oil,
useful for painful joints and muscles. It has a very beneficial effect on
clearing up scalp conditions and dandruff and is also used to promote
healing of wounds.
It is one of the most widely used ayurvedic herbs and is used to detoxify
the body. A new and recent development is to use it for treating diabetes.
It has been used to treat malaria, tuberculosis, arthritis, intestinal worms
as well as to treat skin disease. Some cases of dry psoriasis as well as
fungal infections have shown a good response when treated with neem oil. It
is also helpful in treating hemorrhoids. Neem oil is mildly antiseptic when
applied externally. Neem oil can also suffocate mites, whiteflies, aphids
and other types of soft bodied insects on contact. Neem is a herbal remedy
for the medication of fever, gastrointestinal disease, skin disorders,
respiratory disease, intestinal parasites, immune system disorder and yeast
infections in pets.
All parts of the tree possess medicinal properties. The leaves are useful
in relieving flatulence, promoting the removal of catarrhal matter and
phlegm from the bronchial tubes, and in increasing secretion and discharge
of urine. They also act as an insecticide. The bark is a bitter tonic and
stimulant. It arrests secretions and bleeding besides counter-acting any
spasmodic disorders. The root bark has the same properties as the bark of
the trunk. The gum discharged by the stem is a stimulant and tonic with a
soothing effect on the skin and mucous membranes.
Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Neem fights against the bacteria and reduces the excessive perspiration and
bad odour. It is used for domestic purpose also. It cleanses the skin and
improves the complexion. It is effective against the pimples and black spots
on face. Neem appears to be an appropriate herbal remedy for numerous skin
disorders. The anti inflammatory and pain relieving activity of neem make it
potentially useful for pet medication against scalp psoriasis also. Neem is
now becoming a popular beauty aid. Some companies are now using neem
products (neem oil and leaves) for production of cosmetics like facial
creams, nail polishes, nail oils, shampoos, conditioners etc.
The bitter leaves are used as a pot-herb being made into soup or curry with
other vegetables. The slightly aromatic and bitter taste which neem impart
to the curries thus prepared, is much relished by some. The leaves are
moreover an old and popular remedy for skin diseases. The fruits are
described as purgative and emollient and useful in intestinal worms, urinary
diseases and ulcers.
Neem is used for effective control against pests and insects. It could be
applied during immature pest stages. It kills the pest immediately. The
different parts of neem has following uses :
: Neem bark contains tannins which are used in
tanning, dyeing, etc. Compounds extracted from neem bark are used in
production of some dental - care products. Neem bark is also tapped for gum.
Neem seed pulp is useful for methane gas production.
It is also useful as carbohydrate rich base for other industrial
Neem leaves are not only useful for pest and
disease control, they are also fed to livestock mixed with other fodder.
Neem leaves are used in some parts of India as fertilizer in rice fields. In
some countries, neem leaves are used as mulch in tobacco and tomato fields.
Neem leaves are spread over the plant roots to retain moisture, kill weeds
etc. Neem leaves can also be used to protect stored woolen and silk clothes
from insects also.
Neem oil contains several compounds which have
proven medicinal and agricultural uses of high value. The most common use of
neem oil is for soap production. This indicates vast scope for expanding
neem oil production.
Medicated soaps with neem's odour are also produced on a commercial scale.
Neem soaps are now widely available in several countries and are gaining
popularity. Neem toothpaste is another commercial item which is widely
available in India as well as several European countries. Neem is being used
in other oral hygiene preparations also.
Neem cake has multiple uses. It has varied uses as livestock feed,
fertilizer and natural pesticide. It not only provides nitrogen but also
inhibits the nitrification process, when mixed with urea, before applying in
the field. The use of neem coated urea (90:10) can save about 30% of the
total chemical nitrogen requirement of crops, which otherwise would go waste
and help in reduction the cost of agricultural production. Neem cake is
widely used in India as fertilizer for sugarcane, vegetable and other cash
crops. Neem cake also acts as a pesticide.