It is a native of the Mediterranean but is now also cultivated in India,
USA, Japan and Great Britain. It has been cultivated since ancient times in
Japan and China. Evidence of use was found in Egypt in a tomb dating back
from 1000 BC.
Description of Peppermint essential
Peppermint is a perennial herb that grows up to 1 meter (3 feet) high and
has slightly hairy serrated leaves with pinkish-mauve flowers arranged in a
long conical shape. Peppermint is commonly known from Peppermint tea,
chewing gum or candy but the essential oil is much more strong and
concentrated and should be used in moderation, very fresh and clean
Fresh, Sweet, Menthol-minty, Herbaceous
Clear to pale yellow, sometimes greenish
Peppermint oil has various chemical
compounds that include Menthyl Acetate, Menthone, Cineole, Limonene,
Phellandrene, Pinene and Beta-Caryophyllene.
: It is hydro distillated by leaves and stems.
It is used as refreshing, mental stimulant, energizing, used to enhance
well-being of digestive and respiratory system. It is considered to be good
nerve tonic that helps with mental fatigue and nervous stress. The
therapeutic properties of peppermint oil are analgesic, anesthetic,
econgestant, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, antiseptic,
antigalactagogue, antiphlogistic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative,
cephalic, cholagogue, cordial, decongestant, emmenagogue, expectorant,
febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, stimulant, stomachic, sudorific,
vasoconstrictor and vermifuge.
Peppermint is the ideal remedy for all digestive disorders, including
nausea and vomiting. It is a great remedy for car or air sickness. In a
massage, it helps in stimulating the lymph system. It is also an analgesic
and aids with treating sore muscles and joint pain Peppermint may be either
cooling or warming depending on the dilution used. It is an excellent
headache remedy and relieves bad breath. A strong, cool, minty flavor. Has
been used to treat impotence, mental fatigue, colic, indigestion, nausea,
diarrhea, fainting, vertigo, halitosis and many respiratory conditions.
Peppermint oil is refreshing in both taste and aroma.
Peppermint has a high menthol content, and is often used as a flavouring in
tea, ice creams, confectinery, chewing gum and toothpaste. The oil also
contains menthone and methyl esters. It is the oldest and most popular
flavour of mint-flavored confectionery. Mint chocolate, also known as
Chocolate mint, is a popular variety of flavored chocolate. It is created
when mint flavoring, such as peppermint, spearmint or creme de menthe, is
added to plain chocolate that tastes and especially smells like a
combination of mint and chocolate.
Peppermint tea is a drink that is either a mixture of tea and peppermint
(Mentha piperita) or an infusion of peppermint alone. This drink is said to
have health benefits. It is sometimes called mint tea, although there are
other kinds of mint that could be used in that case. Pure peppermint tea is
naturally caffeine-free and is therefore highly demanded.
Peppermint is also used in making nectars which is a mild, pleasant and
varietal honey.Peppermint flowers are heavy nectar producers and honeybees
as well as other nectar harvesting organisms forage them heavily.
Cosmetics and Toiletries:
Peppermint is used in different cosmetics and toiletries preparations
especially in preparation of shampoos and soaps, which give the hair a minty
scent and produce a cooling sensation on the skin. It is mainly useful in
making specialised products like balms made of mint flavor.
Lip balm or lip salve is a substance topically applied to the lips of the
mouth to relieve chapped or dry lips, angular cheilitis or stomatitis, and
cold sores. Lip gloss is similar, but generally has only cosmetic
properties. The balm is usually manufactured from beeswax, petroleum jelly,
menthol, camphor, scented oils and various other ingredients.
It is also used as an additive in certain cigarette brands, for flavor, to
reduce the throat and sinus irritation caused by smoking and arguably to
reduce the bad-breath, smokers experience and possibly improve the smell of
second-hand smoke. Commonly used in oral hygiene products and bad-breath
remedies like mouthwash, toothpaste, mouth and tongue-spray and more
generally as a food flavor agents.
In perfumery, menthol is used to prepare methyl esters to emphasise
floral notes .
In first aid products such as "mineral ice"
to produce a cooling effect as a substitute for real ice in the absence of
water or electricity.
Patchouli has been used extensively in industrial processes like the
It is used in making detergents as it is not hard penetrating. It is used
especially in making laundry detergent which is a type of detergent that is
added when one is washing to help get the laundry cleaner. It is often
colloquially called laundry soap and it helps wash the fabric. Laundry
detergent has traditionally been a granular solid but the use of liquid
laundry detergents has gradually increased over the years.
Patchouli has been also used to make a scented paper towel
that is a piece of absorbent paper made for the general purposes of towels
but is most often used for drying hands. They are also used to apply
cleaning sprays for windows and dusting. Patchouli is a pest
deterrent used to keep wool moths out of Indian shawls and rugs.
Patchouli essential oil is used in flavoring chewing gum, baked goods,
candy, non alcoholic and alcoholic beverages, desserts, puddings, meat and
meat products. It has recently been added to low-tar cigarettes and tobacco
for flavor. Fresh leaves are used as seasoning and added to potpourri
Cosmetics and Toiletries:
It is an important ingredient in toiletries, cosmetics, breath fresheners,
insecticides, disinfectants, and commercial food flavoring. Patchouli is one
of the most widely used ingredients in which is employed as a fragrance
component in cosmetic preparations, soaps, and hair removal creams. It is
mainly due to its masking effect on obnoxious odors. It is also used in
burners and vaporizers, therapy as a blended massage oil or diluted in the
Patchouli oil can be used neat on insect bites. In a lotion or cream
patchouli oil can be used for general skin care.
Peppermint, like many spices and herbs, is believed to have medicinal
properties when consumed. It is said that it helps against upset stomachs,
inhibits the growth of certain bacteria and can help smooth and relax
muscles when inhaled or applied to the skin. Other health benefits are
attributed to the high manganese, vitamin C and vitamin A content; as well
as trace amounts of various other nutrients such as fibre, iron, calcium,
folate, potassium, tryptophan, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, riboflavin
Peppermint oil has been demonstrated to reduce colicky abdominal pain due
to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with an NNT (number needed to treat) but
the oil is irritant to the stomach in the quantity required and therefore
needs wrapping for delayed release in the intestine. Peppermint relaxes the
gastro-oesophageal sphincter, thus promoting belching. It is also used as a
decongestant for reliving nasal congestion.
Menthol, its main constituent, has antibacterial properties. The mint oil
is used in balms and liniments to stimulate hot and cold nerve endings and
increase local blood flow.