Vetiver is a grass which grows in Indonesia and the Philippines and an
abundant complex lacework of underground white roots and is mainly
cultivated in the tropics, such as India, Tahiti, Java and Haiti. Vetiver
oil is also known as the 'oil of tranquility' because of its calming
Description of Vetiver essential:
It is a tall, tufted, perennial, scented grass with long narrow leaves. The
oil is obtained from the root by distillation. It is popular in the perfume
industry and has a long-lasting woody fragrance, often popular with men. In
the East it is known as the oil of tranquility and is often used for
meditation. Khus (Vetiveria zizanioides) is a grass that grows up to six
feet high. Vetiver's deeply penetrating roots and thousands of tiny fibrous
rootlets reach out to drink in the aromatic molecules from the surrounding
soil, which in turn become the multi-layered perfume notes of its dark amber
oil. Sweet and heavy, with rich undertones reminiscent of precious woods and
marshlands, the oil has widely varied olfactory characteristics depending on
the type of earth it grows in. Because of the diversity of compounds present
in different soils, vetiver oil is one of the most biochemically complex of
all essential oils.
Juicy, Earthy, Smoky aroma with a sweet undertone
Amber to olive
Vetiver oil has various chemical
compounds that include benzoic acid, vetiverol, furfurol, vetivone, vetivene
and vetivenyl vetivenate.
: : The essential oil is distilled from the
roots of vetiver.
Vetiver oil owes several beauty benefits and emotional effects. It balances
the activity of the sebaceous oil glands, has deodorizing properties, and
helps normalize oily skin and clear acne. It replenishes moisture in dry and
dehydrated skin and has a rejuvenation effect on mature skin, as well as
cuts, wounds, irritated and inflamed skin. When used regularly during
pregnancy, vetiver oil reportedly prevents stretch marks. The oil
strengthens the central nervous system and is helpful in overcoming
depression, insomnia, anxiety, stress, tension and nervousness. When locally
applied in rheumatism, lumbago, headache, sprain, it is a relieving
embrocation. Infusion of roots is a refreshing drink in fever.
A great oil to use just before a job interview or taking an exam. It is
also useful for deep-rooted psychological problems. It is reputed to help
improve the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood and could help with
muscular aches and pains. It helps with clearing acne. It also helps in
curing nervous system, acne, arthritis, cuts, depression, exhaustion,
insomnia, muscular aches, oily skin, rheumatism, sores, stress, skin care,
aged skin, anorexia, immune system, insomnia, nervousness, high blood
pressure, calming and deeply relaxing, eases muscular cramps and improves
immune response. It is used to reduce the pain of rheumatism and arthritis.
Cosmetics and Toiletries:
It is a popular ingredient for soaps, toiletries and perfumes. Vetiver oil
in its diluted form is extensively used in after-shave lotions, air
freshners and bathing purposes, as well as flavoring syrups. Vetiver is used
extensively in Oriental perfumes and other perfumes as an excellent fixative
and base note. It has a strong odor intensity so very little is needed in
the formulation of a perfume. Vetiver complements the following essential
oils: linaloe berry, lavender, patchouli, sandalwood, clary-sage, rose,
jasmine and ylang-ylang.
Vetiver is known to the world of perfumes, and its use in scents (attar) is
known in India much before the world became familiar with rose scents. On
account of its pleasing aroma and slow evaporation rate falling under the
category of lower 'base note' vetiver oil as such is a 'perfume in its own
right' for which no synthetic substitute is yet available. A 15 - 30 %
dilution of vetiver oil in alcohol is good enough to make true vetiver
perfume and its further dilutions have value as vetiver 'eau de cologne' and
'eau de toilette' are the two famous 'eau de toilette' for men prepared from
vetiver oil. Further the vetiver oil is very persistent and one of the
finest fixatives known. Its complex chemical composition and oil odor, high
solubility in alcohol that improves its miscibility with other perfumery
material, makes it a unique perfumery resource. In addition to its own
perfumery value on account of vetiver hydrocarbons and carbonyl compounds,
their alcohol derivatives i.e. Vetiverols lend unique position to vetiver
oil for perfumery applications.
The roots or rootlets have been used in Indian
households for centuries. The fibers of the grass are woven into aromatic
mats that are used to sleep on. The vetiver roots are used to repel insects
and are layered among the clothes. The root is used to make window screens
necessary to shield the intense hot sun. The blinds are sprinkled with water
throughout the day creating moist cool sweet breezes. Vetiver is a hardy
plant that can withstand drought, fire and grazing and can be easily
maintained with minimal effort. Its only drawback is its inability to thrive
in cold climates, therefore limiting where it can be grown.
The plant is beneficial in disaster prevention (mudslides,
droughts, floods, fires) and increased soil production,
support (income potential and erosion control), pollution control
(underground flows, industrial spills, wastewater, run-off) and water
management (watersheds, sediment control, water flow).
Khus essence is used in cool drinks and for reducing pungency of chewing
Incence and Candles:
It is used in incence and candle making due to its pleasant organoleptic
properties. It is also used in fresh potpourris, bath oil, massage oil etc.
It is specially used in Tibetan and Chinese countries for herbal
meditatation and aromatic candles manufacturing.